Due to the situation of things these days, many parents who had been strugling to catch up with school materials at home with their kids has been asking, What are the best ways to teach kids how to read? Here is what you should know from the National Reading Panel, “teaching children to control phonemes in words was highly effective under a range of teaching conditions with a spread of learners across a range of grade and age levels which teaching phonemic awareness to children significantly improves their reading quite instruction that lacks any attention to Phonemic Awareness.”  this is often a statement made by the National Reading Panel (NRP) in their report titled;
“TEACHING CHILDREN TO READ:
An Evidence-Based Assessment of the research project Literature on Reading and Its Implications for Reading Instruction.”
Phonemic Awareness instruction was selected for review by the NRP in their report because studies have identified phonemic awareness and letter knowledge as two of the simplest predictors of how well children will learn to read in their first 2 years of entering school. There is strong Scientific evidence to suggest that phonemic awareness instructions are a crucial part in helping children develop reading skills.
One study discussed the presence of phonemic awareness in Austrian children aged 6 to 7 that were unable to read when first entering school. This study found that a lot of children had not one correct response in their test of an easy vowel substitution task. However, a couple of children who exhibited high phonemic awareness scored on the brink of perfect on this same task. The study further stated that “there was a selected predictive relationship between initial phonemic awareness differences and success in learning to read and to spell.” Even more importantly, the study indicated that it had been phonemic awareness abilities, and not IQ, that predicted the accuracy of reading and spelling at the top of grade one. Children with high phonemic awareness at the start of grade one had high reading and spelling achievements at the top of grade one, compared to some children with low phonemic awareness who had difficulties learning to read and spell. 
In the National Reading Panel report, they also determined that the beneficial effects of phonemic awareness on reading lasts well beyond the amount of coaching . While phonemic awareness instructions are proven to significantly help children learn reading, it’s not an entire course of study . What it does, is provide children with a foundational knowledge domain of the alphabet language. The NRP analysis also showed that phonics instructions produces significant benefits for college kids from kindergarten through grade 6, and is additionally helpful for youngsters with learning to read difficulties.
However, children who are taught with phonics and phonemic awareness instructions are consistently getting increasing their ability to decode, read, and spell, and even demonstrated significant improvement in their ability to grasp text. Even older children who receive these similar teachings improved their ability to decode and spell. The NRP made a key statement saying that “conventional wisdom has suggested that kindergarten students won’t be ready for phonics instruction, this assumption wasn’t supported by the info . The effects of systematic early phonics instruction were significant and substantial in kindergarten and therefore the 1st grade, indicating that systematic phonics programs should be implemented at those age and grade levels.”
However, i might wish to further expand thereon by saying that children as young as two years old can learn to read through phonics and phonemic awareness instructions. If a young child can speak, then they ought to be ready to learn to read, albeit they’re as young as two years old. In fact, I even have proven this with my very own children. We started teaching our daughter at 2 years and 8months, and she or he was very capable at reading by the time she was just 2 years and 11 months old.